Human physiology

The importance of having a role model



Yet as children, all of us had someone as an example. The parent, their friend or a school teacher – some people who especially inspired us. As we grew up, the necessity for having a role model did not fade away completely. Certainly, we have a friend, colleague, or sports instructor who still looks like an example to us – a person that induces us to change for the better and work on our traits. The fact that we have grown up does not dismiss the necessity of having a role model.

It would be dishonest to assume that we strive only to a positive influence. Our environment certainly includes several role anti-models, or people we would like not to resemble. Perhaps, our authoritarian boss makes working environment too stressful, which gives a way to rejection. Or probably, we have a friend who is a party animal while we are not. As we go clubbing late before a hard working day, we anticipate our future regret. And we do not approve of the behavior of our anti-model. But as we are friends, there is a peer pressure that makes us act in the way we would never do on our own.

Having both positive and negative role model in view is important as we usually strive to perfection. Looking at the people we like and dislike induces us to change our behavior to be more likable to other people (in the first place) and, of course, to ourselves. Both positive and negative examples work pedagogically even if we consider ourselves quite mature personalities.

Are teachers in the private schooling sector more dedicated than those in public schools?



As parents find the performance of their children totally different in public and private schools, so think teachers about their career prospects in different educational structures. Private schools look much more appealing with their environment, curricula, and schedules than public schools with children from the disadvantaged background, overload, and principal’s pressure. However, those who once applied to both types know that different schools are also very alike. You have to work like an enthusiast without the slightest need for personal life in both of them. But still, every school has its own specifics that form different demands from their staff.

Though the public school environment causes much distress to teachers, private establishments are not a bed of roses either. State schools require constant multitasking for a teacher to create dozens of lesson plans, but in private schools teachers stand under the very close watch of the parents. People who pay considerable sums for the education of their children give no excuse for staff that is not enough efficient. Besides, private schools may also require teachers to be competent in sports and arts that are an essential part of the curriculum.

We can hardly make public school teachers less dedicated just because they feel so many challenges to effective functioning – just on the contrary. If a state school teacher does not run away after years of work, they are very committed to their occupation indeed. The problem is that bureaucracy, plenty of task, huge classrooms, and lack of time to teach make educators in public school inefficient. Many of them struggle to keep up with tasks in their free time and eventually give up teaching. Private schools make more comfortable conditions for teachers to work with students in the first place.

Do search engines make people lazy?



Arguing whether Google has made us smart or stupid, we can agree on one thing – getting information before search engines evolved was far more challenging than it is now. Once a person should search through archives or wander among the stacks of books in the library to get information on a specific topic, and now all they need is to launch web-browser and type keywords there. Certainly, students do not have to cram over the books all nights through to complete their papers. For someone, it is enough merely to download a suitable paper and proceed with a little plagiarism. But do all of us turn that lazy when it comes to work or study on the internet?

Obviously, we have an excess of information these days, and everyone shall choose the way to process it. Even with numerous sources of information available here and now, we work hard applying it to our own research and comparing those sources. And there is nothing wrong with the fact that we can spare plenty of time for other things. Being free to have fun with friends, join clubs, or find extra hobbies is no laziness.

The only thing triggered by search engines is procrastination. With Google, people have a perfect chance to escape from their mundane issues and engage in something more interesting. In this respect, the internet is almost addictive. But all in all, responsible using of search engines has not done any harm yet.

How should we approach the problem of mental health?



According to the statistics of NIMH, about 18 percent of all US adults are diagnosed with a mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder. Up to 20 percent of children are estimated as suffering from a progressive mental illness. Recently mental health issues became the talk of the town as everybody was anxious about their loved ones. As psychiatric diagnoses go in all directions these days, we have more reasons to worry. Even if the society is not sicker than ever, people are most likely misdiagnosed.

At the current moment, we take mental issues seriously. Maybe even much more serious than we should. Escalation of the mental health situation in the media naturally makes people watch out for worrisome signs. ADHD is the most frequently diagnosed child disorder that takes on with every year. But how can we know that those cases are not the misdiagnosis? While most symptoms are subjective, and every psychologist tries to issue psychiatric diagnoses, we can talk merely of excessive medicalization of normal life.

Today we are regularly told that emotional distress comes as a consequence of biological illness. Drugs became a compulsory part or a psychiatric treatment. Nevertheless, medication is not always as helpful as it meant to be, and we do not know which role the placebo effect plays in it. Psychiatric diagnoses are unreliable and prescriptions drugs raise more concerns than they bring relief. Mental conditions can be explained as specific psychological phenomena that can be treated effectively. That treatment does not refer to medication only; it also includes counseling, reconsideration of social environment, and one’s personal traits. In brief, we shall not consider ourselves ill if we simply have non-critical emotional or behavioral issues to work on.

Positive peer pressure



Every teenager faces peer pressure at some point in their life. It does not always mean that peers directly force each other to act in a certain way. Peer pressure is more about one’s own decisions to conform with the group or take steps to be liked by friends. It is a natural cause of everyday social interaction. Talking about peer pressure, we frequently imply negative experience teens popularize among each other – sex, drugs, alcohol, bullying etc. Nevertheless, there are many more ways how peers can change each other by making positive pressure.

Advising children to befriend someone particular, parents frequently hope to put the child under the positive pressure. Teenagers are not prone to adopting exceptionally negative habits – everything depends on their everyday communication partners. In fact, teens are easily inspired by people around them, no matter whether they behave positively or negatively. That is why parents strive to ingrain kids in a safer social environment.

Responsible children can persuade their friends to give up destructive behaviors if they do not smoke or drink alcohol themselves. They do not even need to press or insist – just making themselves appealing to others, children show that a person can be cute and happy keeping away from temptations of popular culture. Positive peer pressure can also popularize hobbies other than social networking. Looking at friends who succeed at sports or performing arts, children find more safe ways to make themselves popular and have fun.

Mental disorders are often wrongly diagnosed and treated



The recent hype around the rise of mental disorders made Americans even more anxious. Bipolar disorder, ADHD, generalized anxiety disorder, and many others are routinely diagnosed in children and adults. While parents keep panicking about their child having a mental disorder, the child may simply develop at their own pace or have another condition that looks like ADHD.

Misdiagnosis happens so often because there are little objective criteria in psychiatry. We have no biological markers that would confirm ADHD or depression. If a patient can take a genetic test and tell for sure whether they have inherited Parkinson’s,  for example, everything is a bit more complicated about bipolar disorder.

Ambiguity in symptoms and their descriptions makes more questions than answers in diagnosing a mental disorder.  For example, symptoms of ADHD may indicate to other mental diseases (bipolar disorder, autism) or even physical conditions (hypoglycemia, hearing problems, or sleep disorders). All in all, parents may assume their children have a disorder in quite normal situations. There is still nothing wrong with kids getting bored, rebellious, or hyperactive every now and then.

Another cause of misdiagnosis is the wrong qualification of health care provider. In many cases, parents apply to psychologists or psychotherapists who are not qualified to diagnose a mental illness. They rely upon misleading information from caregivers and can interview the patient in a wrong way, which is the shortest way to misdiagnosis. In many cases, a diagnose is required to prescribe just any treatment supposed to bring relief. For this reason, overmedication occurs so frequently in patients who search for non-existent disorders.

Can failure set a new start?



Let us imagine that there are two types of people: the first learn on their mistakes and the others repeat the same mistakes all over again without realizing their potential to improve themselves. Many of us regularly make similar mistakes and consider ou5rselves unable to change. Nevertheless, we all learn on our unfortunate experience, even if not right away.

Why exactly can everyone convert their failure into a valuable experience and get a new start? Because there is no way we can stand still in our development. If we do not roll down the spiral, then we surely go upwards. Maybe just very slowly. Do not think that you are completely helpless if you cannot face and combat the failure straight after it happened. Just allow yourself a day or two mopping – it was a tough time, and you have earned it. In a while, you will probably figure out that nothing really disastrous has happened, and the failure affected mostly your emotional state. From this point on, you can start analyzing the reasons of failure with a cold head. What caused such a disappointing outcome? What alternative ways can help to avoid a failure like this? You will need another couple of days or even weeks to learn from previous negative experience and come up wiith a new strategy.

Every failure triggers the desire to make all wrongs right. Even if we promise ourselves never to get back to this problem, sooner or later we decide to face it again. Because the desire to solve the riddle is higher than the fear of another failure. It perfectly explains why each of us does learn on the negative experience and corrects their failures at some point in the life.

Are field trips for kids important?



All children like being taken on field trips. Zoos, artistic places, community agencies, and local businesses are the most popular destinations, and children equally enjoy all of them. They adore watching animals and get excited with the opportunity to visit some place with the restricted access, such as a plant or a governmental building. At the same time, children learn how the world functions outside their school so that the field trip experience provides certain educational benefits.

First, field trips allow discovering interesting facts about the community that are nowhere to find in the curriculum. A well-rounded education is more than studying academic disciplines in a theoretical mode, and students need to know more than teachers can tell. Stories of zookeepers and business owners bring a deeper insight into the life outside the routine environment of most students.

Next, children discover urgent problems of their community when taken on a field trip. What difficulties did people face in the past? Whom does a local social organization contribute to? Why is it important for the authorities to make timely decisions? Students find out answers to these questions if they inquire why some things do not work as they should.

Field trips also act like a stimulus that evoke new ideas. Outside the classroom, children are more likely to try something new. Walking in the gallery or watching a famous performance, students get inspired with arts. Attending athletic competitions, they may get interested in sports and find a new activity to take on. Therefore, trips have more than educational potential. They help kids to find hobbies without being pushed by parents.

Impact of technology on interpersonal communication



Interpersonal communication is a comprehensive category that includes workplace, group, intimate, and romantic interaction. Influenced by the Internet and its advantages, communication in all these spheres has largely transformed. 90% of individuals irrespective of their lifestyles are present on social networks every day. Each of us is accessible to the others every time. Our boss, spouse or completely unknown person can contact us whenever they need. People do not hesitate to interact, they cannot see any limits to communication now. And many of them find this exact factor discouraging.

A vast sociological research conducted in the US confirmed that the increase in wealth and quality of life caused higher isolation among Americans. Constant online accessibility made communication such a routine thing you want to avoid. Many people got tired of empty chatting that took their time and did not give back anything in particular. Under the impact of technology, we became lazier: why go hang out with peers if you are already connected online?

To put some advantages of technology, it simplified business communication. In many cases, you need only safe online connection to work productively and report your progress to the manager. Even in traditional offices, communicating per e-mail sufficiently accelerates performance. Technology has simplified interaction between a provider of services and their clients. In most cases, clients do not even need to communicate with the provider to get their services.

As a result, the impact of technology on interaction is diverse. We cannot address online channels of communication as a negative phenomenon because we gain even more than we loose with the Internet. In fact, the culture of communication is individual to all people, and those who use the net responsibly never complain about how dramatically the technology has changed their lives.