There are no clearly-cut explanations for why an individual becomes a criminal. We suspect that violence in a family is one of many contributing factors, but we cannot guarantee that every child from a cruel family is destined to becoming an adult criminal. Family issues, mental specifics, socioeconomic environment, and peer pressure are the major factors that explain cruelty, and people with criminal inclination are subject to several or all of them.
All of the risk factors are quite predictable. As scientists have not found any particular genes that cause criminal behavior, the pressure of social environment comes in the spotlight. Poverty and negative family impacts usually come hand in hand, and criminologist may not even bother searching for more reasons behind one’s criminal nature. And that is how the surface factors mislead criminologists.
Another common factor widely associated with crime is a mental illness. Though the total number of people with mental illness is about 20 percent all over the US, they make up a majority of inmates in state and federal prisons. Though so many people with depression or dementia are more dangerous to themselves than to the society, the correlation between psychotic conditions and crime is undeniable.
Juvenile delinquency often comes as a result of peer pressure. Children are especially susceptible to provocations and tend to do before they think. It is not a rare case when parents of entirely healthy, disciplined, and kind children are reported that their child has been involved in some petty crime. Certainly, the peer pressure stimulates crime when no other factors can cause it.
Bullying is an inevitable part of a school life because of one unchangeable condition – all children are different. And not all of them can control their emotions and behavior in the peer environment where they can possibly become leaders. So, children who think they are superior to others allow themselves to insult timid kids who are usually antisocial, scared, and unconfident. Therefore, bullies target those who allow being bullied revealing their weakness and fear. But bullying is an act of aggression, in the first place, and it cannot be justified by any excuse.
It would be fair to make parents responsible for the social behavior of their children. After all, bullying frequently results from violence in the family or child abuse. The problem is that parents will never suspect that their child is a bully unless they see them among the peers. Teachers and staff are much more likely to discover a bully among students. Researchers claim that zero-tolerance policies do not work, therefore, principals must find the way to handle cases of bullying without expelling kids.
It is important that parents and teachers combined their efforts to eliminate bullying. In case if parents of bullies refuse to recognize the behavior of their kids, schools shall apply some punishment. Special prevention groups shall assist teachers to improve the climate in groups. Work in groups is very important because bullies rarely act on their own. They have the courage to attack if there is a clique of adherents behind their backs.
Interpersonal communication is a comprehensive category that includes workplace, group, intimate, and romantic interaction. Influenced by the Internet and its advantages, communication in all these spheres has largely transformed. 90% of individuals irrespective of their lifestyles are present on social networks every day. Each of us is accessible to the others every time. Our boss, spouse or completely unknown person can contact us whenever they need. People do not hesitate to interact, they cannot see any limits to communication now. And many of them find this exact factor discouraging.
A vast sociological research conducted in the US confirmed that the increase in wealth and quality of life caused higher isolation among Americans. Constant online accessibility made communication such a routine thing you want to avoid. Many people got tired of empty chatting that took their time and did not give back anything in particular. Under the impact of technology, we became lazier: why go hang out with peers if you are already connected online?
To put some advantages of technology, it simplified business communication. In many cases, you need only safe online connection to work productively and report your progress to the manager. Even in traditional offices, communicating per e-mail sufficiently accelerates performance. Technology has simplified interaction between a provider of services and their clients. In most cases, clients do not even need to communicate with the provider to get their services.
As a result, the impact of technology on interaction is diverse. We cannot address online channels of communication as a negative phenomenon because we gain even more than we loose with the Internet. In fact, the culture of communication is individual to all people, and those who use the net responsibly never complain about how dramatically the technology has changed their lives.