Society problems

What causes criminal behavior?



There are no clearly-cut explanations for why an individual becomes a criminal. We suspect that violence in a family is one of many contributing factors, but we cannot guarantee that every child from a cruel family is destined to becoming an adult criminal. Family issues, mental specifics, socioeconomic environment, and peer pressure are the major factors that explain cruelty, and people with criminal inclination are subject to several or all of them.

All of the risk factors are quite predictable. As scientists have not found any particular genes that cause criminal behavior, the pressure of social environment comes in the spotlight. Poverty and negative family impacts usually come hand in hand, and criminologist may not even bother searching for more reasons behind one’s criminal nature. And that is how the surface factors mislead criminologists.

Another common factor widely associated with crime is a mental illness. Though the total number of people with mental illness is about 20 percent all over the US, they make up a majority of inmates in state and federal prisons. Though so many people with depression or dementia are more dangerous to themselves than to the society, the correlation between psychotic conditions and crime is undeniable.

Juvenile delinquency often comes as a result of peer pressure. Children are especially susceptible to provocations and tend to do before they think. It is not a rare case when parents of entirely healthy, disciplined, and kind children are reported that their child has been involved in some petty crime. Certainly, the peer pressure stimulates crime when no other factors can cause it.

The most effective bullying prevention strategies



Bullying is an inevitable part of a school life because of one unchangeable condition – all children are different. And not all of them can control their emotions and behavior in the peer environment where they can possibly become leaders. So, children who think they are superior to others allow themselves to insult timid kids who are usually antisocial, scared, and unconfident. Therefore, bullies target those who allow being bullied revealing their weakness and fear. But bullying is an act of aggression, in the first place, and it cannot be justified by any excuse.

It would be fair to make parents responsible for the social behavior of their children. After all, bullying frequently results from violence in the family or child abuse. The problem is that parents will never suspect that their child is a bully unless they see them among the peers. Teachers and staff are much more likely to discover a bully among students. Researchers claim that zero-tolerance policies do not work, therefore, principals must find the way to handle cases of bullying without expelling kids.

It is important that parents and teachers combined their efforts to eliminate bullying. In case if parents of bullies refuse to recognize the behavior of their kids, schools shall apply some punishment. Special prevention groups shall assist teachers to improve the climate in groups. Work in groups is very important because bullies rarely act on their own. They have the courage to attack if there is a clique of adherents behind their backs.

Do search engines make people lazy?



Arguing whether Google has made us smart or stupid, we can agree on one thing – getting information before search engines evolved was far more challenging than it is now. Once a person should search through archives or wander among the stacks of books in the library to get information on a specific topic, and now all they need is to launch web-browser and type keywords there. Certainly, students do not have to cram over the books all nights through to complete their papers. For someone, it is enough merely to download a suitable paper and proceed with a little plagiarism. But do all of us turn that lazy when it comes to work or study on the internet?

Obviously, we have an excess of information these days, and everyone shall choose the way to process it. Even with numerous sources of information available here and now, we work hard applying it to our own research and comparing those sources. And there is nothing wrong with the fact that we can spare plenty of time for other things. Being free to have fun with friends, join clubs, or find extra hobbies is no laziness.

The only thing triggered by search engines is procrastination. With Google, people have a perfect chance to escape from their mundane issues and engage in something more interesting. In this respect, the internet is almost addictive. But all in all, responsible using of search engines has not done any harm yet.

Adopted children should know the identity of their birth parents



Families take adoption as a challenge because the process of raising a strange child as a family member is very responsible and complicated. And the farther it goes, the more fragile are relations between the child and the family. Parents remember the reason why they have adopted a child, and the child knows that these people are not their true parents. And this awareness provides a lasting sense that something is not right. Adoptive parents are scared of the child leaving as they mature, and the child eventually does search for their biological parents. There is a huge risk that the interests of adoptive children will move apart from that of their parents once.

For some reason, there is a belief that children somehow betray their adoptive parents when start searching their biological family. Under the close adoption, bio parents have no access to information on the child that has not come of age. Nevertheless, more than 90 percent of adoptees want to know their family and the same many mothers want to be found. On the one hand, adoptive parents stand like a white elephant to their child. On the other hand, children raised with love and tenderness of their adoptive parents will always stay loyal to these people who are not their actual parents. There is not such thing as ingratitude of children in adoptive families but there can be odd and cold relations between the members.

Of course, children should know their biological parents. Whether they target at the reunion or medical history, family bonds cannot be taken away from people. And families perfectly understand that yet during the adoption.

Planning for the future isn’t always a good thing



Taking control over our life is a key condition to feel confident. Planning our business and free time, we form expectations about the future that seems comfortable and favorable to us. Some people prefer planning events in advance, as far as years from now. On the one hand, such foresight indicates about person’s ambitions and life goals. If we plan something, we have the idea how to get it. On the other hand, large-scale long-term plans do not always work out. We can plan as much as we want, but we also can simply change our mind and back up from all our plans.

Planning is an essential thing when we need to organize our activity in the short-time prospect. If we do not make some plans for tomorrow or the next couple of weeks, we will probably procrastinate until we find something meaningful to do. The planning prospect greatly depends on one’s occupation – managers have to plan much more in advance as they work on long-term goals as well.     But in general, planning for a distant future is not as positive as it seems.

Some of our plans may be surreal and demand much more than being put on the schedule. If they do not work out, we have a clear sense of failure even despite nothing critical has happened. If we draw unrealistic beautiful pictures in our mind, it would be very painful to part with them. We shall remember that there are other people and external circumstances in the world that regularly change. And there is no reason to blame oneself for canceling old plans when there are more urgent things to do.

All manufacturing companies should build a recycling center



Trash is the other name for all the products manufactured across the world – sooner or later, they are utilized and thrown away. As a rule, companies are not interested in what will happen to their products as soon as they are sold. The irresponsible behavior of businesses encourages creating more trash and makes people ignore recycling that is just as important as purchasing an item. Though many companies label their products as a toxic waste, it is none of their business whether people have a chance to dispose of the product properly or not.

Today we have too many companies producing staff and very few recycling centers. America is a poor recycler, especially compared to Austria and Germany – global leaders of recycling. Even such countries as Cairo and Brazil achieved a remarkable progress in the “garbage” industry. Though the US is reported to recycle 1/3 of its production, the data refer only to some particular types of wastes. The majority of products (especially packing) produced domestically or imported go straight to the landfills where they stock over the years.

Bearing in mind that garbage is a serious ecological threat, manufacturers shall take responsibility at least for toxic materials used in their products. Digital giants shall obviously build powerful recycling centers for their products. Customers shall be informed that as soon as their cell phone is completely out, they are welcome to bring it to specific service centers collecting electronic waste. If we can collect glass and plastic bottles, we can surely do the same with devices that must not be just thrown away.

Recycling of toxic wastes is extremely important, but it does not mean that tons of plastic can still go to the landfills. Probably, we shall start rating businesses not only according to the original quality of goods but also for the ability to recycle them.

Reasons why we should encourage volunteerism



Community service is beneficial for all people irrespective of their age or occupation. Volunteering at college impacts a personality while adults join community service to manifest certain values. Proactive people are nothing scarce these days, and charity organizations always have some people ready to volunteer at hands. After all, volunteering does not come down to helping disadvantageous groups. In the first place, volunteers help us all to build the world we would like to live in. Most urgent changes happen due to the efforts of people who are most interested in these changes.

So, the first reason for people to volunteer is to achieve their social and environmental goals. Cleaning, reconstruction, and restoration are very important for city residents though not the primary tasks for authorities. And community may easily take responsibility for making their neighborhood safer and more comfortable for living.

Another great advantage associated with volunteering is the sense of accomplishment that it brings. Realizing that they do a very meaningful job, volunteers are nurtured by the gratitude of people they work for. After a hard day, contributors realize that there remain less totally miserable people around them. Poverty and disease are omnipresent, but the problem is less dramatic if people are ready to support each other.

And last, volunteering is good for brands. Businesses try to attract more loyal customers through charity events and retain employees offering them to enroll in meaningful time-off activities.

Signs of internet addiction



The Internet has certainly become a vital tool for work and everyday life. We cannot perform routine tasks without a constant online connection, and sometimes this statement sounds like a threat. We are dependent on the internet, and sometimes addicted to the net. A place of unlimited opportunities, cyberspace appeals us with numerous temptations. Gaming, shopping, gambling, and other activities create a compulsion that makes people neglect real life for the sake of online-entertainment. In many cases, consequences of the internet addiction are harder than a wasted time.

Just like any dangerous habit, internet addiction is easy to detect. Spending too much time online is already a sign that something is wrong. Most frequently addicts are unable to give a rest to their devices – they cannot sign out of Facebook just because something terrible will happen at that moment. They surf the internet too much, which immediately results in neglect of their duties.  Addicts can gamble or shop online compulsively, which is economically dangerous. They depend on online relationships too much, and do not pay attention to real-life friends or family.

Apparently, people addicted to the internet also feel that something is wrong. Despite euphoric feeling when online, addicts may feel guilty for the people and duties they neglect. They lose track of time, suffer from a lack of sleep, and never meet the deadlines. Agitation or anxiety may be followed by depression or isolation.

As online addiction is a habit, in the first place, benefits of medication are vague. In the first place, addicts need some change of a lifestyle – a new hobby, extra duties, anything that would leave no time for free internet surfing. The involvement of a friend or family member is required because addicts lack essential will-power.

Work-related stress and burnout



If we notice that our job brings us to much anxiety and takes most of our time, the deadline is probably close. If we are completely indifferent about everything and have no desire to keep working, we are very likely to face burnout. It makes us feel that our work is not as interesting as it was before or it is too challenging and time-consuming. Apparently, we cannot stay enthusiastic forever, and every critical moment in life may trigger burnout. All unfavorable factors seem to mix up, and here we go, desperate and apathetic.

Burnout is easily facilitated by a negative workplace experience. Perhaps, we do not have enough control to perform necessary tasks or lack any other resources. Sometimes, we hesitate whether we meet expectations of our boss or feel unfit for the job at all. And very often burnout follows extremities in the workplace – long phases of monotonous or chaotic activities make us extremely tired at work.

The downfall in the personal life does not enhance our productivity either. Every time our work clashes with a scarce rest, we feel our duties trespassing. Living without no clear line drawn between work and personal space, we put all current activities at the risk of ruin.

Combating burnout is completely up to us. At all times, we will have some job to do, but our approach to this job makes all the difference. Enthusiasm comes along with a reward because “work for the sake of work” principle does not function at all. Stop procrastinating in the workplace, draw a clear line between your business and personal time, and, after all, determine what do you aim to achieve working at the current position. It is much better to wake up thinking that you are one step closer to your dream than realizing that another day of routine is to come.

How safe are internet chat rooms?



Yet at the very start of the Internet era, online safety was already a concern. Remember comedy film “You’ve got mail”? Its main characters behaved rather cautious when chatting with a completely unknown person. No names, no personal details, nothing that would ever expose them to danger in the real world. Their strategy can be taken as a pattern of a correct behavior in online chat rooms, but today there are much more obscene folks there. Sexting and cybersex are common for socialization platforms where strangers usually meet. Even chat rooms for teenagers look unsafe. Kids regularly report about obscene offers they receive from other users on the web.

The mere fact that chat rooms survived until now is quite strange. The first socialization websites, they have become too outdated as compared to social networks. The latter are much more amusing, informative, and safe, while old chat rooms present no more but a space full of strangers. They may be interesting for adults in search of adventures, but definitely not for teenagers or people who cherish their privacy. In chat rooms, you always have to stay alerted not to say something personal, which puts excessive pressure on people who seek just a small talk.

Online safety does not require extraordinary skills – every person can eliminate risks of cyberspace following a simple guideline. The only question is whether we want to stay in the place where predators attack us every minute. Apparently, there are other nice web platforms to communicate than ancient chat rooms.